Saturday, October 29, 2011

Grammar : Modal Auxiliary Verb

Education English  | Grammar : Modal Auxiliary Verb | Modal  comes from the mode or mood, which means a set of inflected forms of a verb to express whether the activity / situation expressed by the verb it is a fact, a certain attitude, command possibilities or expectations.

A. Statement showing the facts
Example :
Jhon bougth the books yesterday
John comes to the meeting every month.

B. Statement that shows a certain attitude

Thus it is not a fact, but can be a command (as liabilities), possibility, hope, expectations, estimates, proposals, conditions, ability to use the verb form.
a. suppose : recommend
    suggest  : propose / recommend
     hope    : expect
b. Auxiliary verb ; can may, should, must, ought to, might etc.
c. Conjunction : if 

The definition of "Modal auxiliary verb" is a group of auxiliary verbs, which complements (adds to) the meaning of the verb (main verb) a sentence. Thus the function of modal is to increase the meaning of the verb that follows.
example :
Anna can swim
I should study hard.

Things that need to be considered in the modal auxiliary verb:
1. Modal was never in the form-ing or past, and never have the suffix-s.
It thus applies to all forms of sentence subject either single or plural without undergoing a process of affixation. (without adding-s)

2. In the sentence construction, modal can be arranged in two ways :
a. Modal + Verb 1
example :
He can go drive carefully
You must know your obligation
It would be better to study English.
b.Modal + Have + Verb 3
example :
Gandhi could have gone to school
Sanggam should have finished his homework
He could have been angry with me.

3. Modal placed right after the subject, the statement and at the beginning of the sentence in yes / no question.
example :
I can write well.
Can you write well?

4. In the negative form we add "not" after these modals. Modal + not  can be written in full or shortened.
example :
cannot : can't
would not : wouldn't
will not : won't
shall not : shan't
should not : shouldn't
must not : mustn't

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