Thursday, October 18, 2012

Types of Genre

Education English | Types of Genre | In this change, I will give you an information about 12 types of genres according to Iwan (2009: 1), these are :
1. Procedure
2. Recount
3. Narrative
4. Description
5. News Item
6. Report
7. Analytical Exposition
8. Spoof
9. Hortatory Exposition
10. Explanation
11. Discussion
12. Review
The twelve types of genre that mention above, will be described completely from the explanation of each genres, the purpose of each genres, the social function of each genres, and the obligatory elements of each genres. Therefore, all of the readers be able to recognize all of about genres. More details of 12 types of genres will mention in the following texts below :
1. “Procedure”
The purpose is to help us do a task or make something. They can be a set of instructions or directions. The generic structure are goals, materials and steps. Language features comprise of the use of imperative, use of action verbs and use of connectives.
2. “Recount”
The purpose is to tell the readers what happened in the past through a sequence of events. The generic structure are orientation, events, and reorientation. Language features comprise of the use of pronouns and noun, use of action verbs in past, use of past tense, use of adverbial phrases, and use of adjectives.
3. “Narrative”
The purpose is to amuse or entertain the readers with actual or imaginary experience indifferent ways. Narrative always deals with some problems which lead to the climax and then turn into a solution to the problem. The generic structure are orientation, complication, and resolution. Language features
comprise of the use of noun phrases, use of adverbial phrases of time and place, use of simple past tense, use of action verbs, and use of adjectives phrases. 
4. “Description”
The purpose is to describe a particular person, place or thing. The generic
structure are identification and description. Language features comprise of the
focus on specific participants, use of attributive and identifying processes,
frequent use classifiers in nominal groups, and use of the Simple Present Tense
5. “News Item”
The purpose is to inform readers or listeners about events of the day which are considered news worthy or important. The generic structure consist of the news worthy event, background events and sources. Language features comprise of the information on the use of head lines, use of action verbs, use of saying verb, use of adverb in passive sentences.
6. “Report”
The porpose is to describe the way things are (for example: a man -made thing, animals, plants). The things must be a representative of their class. The generic structure are general classification and description. Language features comprise of the use of general nouns, use of present tense, use of behavioural verbs, use of technical terms, use of relating verbs.
7. “Analytical Exposition”
The purpose is to persuade the readers or the listeners that something in the case, to analyze or to explain. The generic structure are thesis, arguments and reiteration. Language features comprise of the emotive words, words that qualify statements such as: usual probably, words that link arguments, usually present tense and use of compound and complex sentence.
8. Spoof
The porpose is to tell an event with a humorous twist. The generic structure are orientation, events, and twist. Language features comprise of the use of connectives, use of adverbial phrases of time and place and use of simple past tense.
9. “Hortatory Exposition”
The purpose is to persuade the readers or the listeners that something should
or should not be the case. The generic structure are thesis, arguments, and
recommendation. Language features comprise of the use emotive words, words
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that qualify statement, words that link arguments, usually present tense,
compound and complex sentences and modal auxiliary.
10. “Explanation”
The purpose is to explain the process involved in the formation or working of natural or socio cultural phenomena. The generic structure consist of a general statement to position the reader, a sequenced explanation of why or how something occurs and closing. Language features comprise of the focus on generic, non-human participants and present tense, passivevoice, conjunction of time and cause, noun phrases, complex sentences, and technical language.
11. “Discussion”
The purpose is to present information and opinions about more than one side of anissue (“for” points “against” points). The generic structure are opening statement presenting the issue, arguments or evidence for different points of view, concluding recommendation. Language features comprise of the use of general nouns, use of relating verbs, use of thinking verbs, use of additive connectives, use of contrastive connectives, use of causal connectives, use of modal auxiliary, and use of adverbial manner
12. “Review”
The purpose is to critique an art work or event for a public audience. The generic structure are orientation, evaluation, Interpretative recount, evaluative summation. Language features comprise of the focus on specific participants, use of adjectives, use of long and complex clauses and use of metaphor.

1 comments: on "Types of Genre"

NoermaN said...

The best of article..

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